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1970–Actor, Matt Damon, is born Matthew Paige Damon in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He appeared in the films School Ties, Good Will Hunting, The Rainmaker, Chasing Amy, Saving Private Ryan, The Talented Mr. Ripley, All the Pretty Horses, The Majestic, Gerry, Ocean’s Eleven, The Bourne Identity, Stuck on You, The Departed, True Grit, Elyisum, Behind the Candelabra, and The Monuments Men.



314–Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I, at the Battle of Cibalae, losing his European territories.

451–At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins.

876–Frankish forces, led by Louis the Younger, prevent a West Frankish invasion and defeat Emperor Charles II ("The Bald").

1075–Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned King of Croatia.

1200–Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England.

1317–Emperor Fushimi of Japan dies in Kyoto, Japan, at age 52.

1322–Mladen II Subic of Bribir, defeated in the battle of Bliska, is arrested by the Parliament.

1480–Great stand on the Ugra river takes place: a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which results in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and the eventual disintegration of the Horde.

1573–The Spanish siege of Alkmaar ends, becoming the first Dutch victory in the Eighty Years' War.

1582–Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain.

1600–San Marino adopts its written constitution.

1645–Jeanne Mance opens the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal, Canada, the first lay hospital in North America.

1754–Novelist, Henry Fielding, dies in Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal, at age 47. He is the author of Tom Jones. Aside from his literary achievements, he has a significant place in the history of law enforcement, having founded (with his half-brother, John) what some have called London, England's first police force, the Bow Street Runners, using his authority as a magistrate.

1779–William Blake begins his studies at the Royal Academy.

1806–In the Napoleonic Wars, forces of the British Empire lay siege to the port of Boulogne in France, by using Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve.

1813–The Treaty of Ried is signed between Bavaria and Austria.

1821–The government of general José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.

1856–The Second Opium War, between several western powers and China, begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.

1860–The telegraph line between Los Angeles and San Francisco opens in California.

1869–Inventor, James Frank Duryea, is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Duryea, with his brother Charles, invented the first automobile that was actually built and operated in the U.S. in 1893.

1871–Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago; Peshtigo, Wisconsin; Holland, Michigan; and Manistee, Michigan.

1895–Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by Japanese infiltrators inside Gyeongbok Palace.

1895–General and politician, Juan (Domingo) Perón, is born in Lobos, Buenos Aires, Argentina. He was the President of Argentina (1946-1955 and 1973-1974).

1898–Musician, Clarence Williams, is born in Plaquemine, Louisiana. He was a jazz pianist, composer, promoter, vocalist, theatrical producer, and publisher. He produced and participated in early recordings by Louis Armstrong, Sidney Bechet, and Bessie Smith. In 1943, Williams retired and sold his extensive back-catalogue of tunes to Decca Records for $50,000. He then bought a bargain used-goods store. His was the grandfather of actor, Clarence Williams III.

1904–Edmonton, Alberta, and Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, are incorporated as cities in Canada.

1910–Actor, Kirk Alyn, is born. He was the first actor to play Superman.

1912–Montenegro declares war against the Ottoman Empire, as the First Balkan War begins.

1918–During World War I, while in action near Pittem, Belgium, USMC 2nd Lieutenant aviator, Ralph Talbot, of Weymouth, Massachusetts, becomes the first-ever USMC aviator to earn the Medal of Honor.

1921–Radio station KDKA conducts the first live broadcast of a football game at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1924–Writer, Virginia Woolf, completes her novel Mrs. Dalloway.

1928–Joseph Szigeti gives the first performance of Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto.

1932–The Indian Air Force is established.

1935–Bandleader, Ozzie Nelson, marries singer, Harriet Hilliard in his mother’s apartment in Hackensack, New Jersey.

1936–Journalist and gossip columnist, Rona Barrett, is born.

1939–Germany annexes western Poland.

1939–Actor, Paul Hogan, is born in Australia. He is best known for his starring role in the film Crocodile Dundee.

1941–African-American spokesperson and politician, Jesse Jackson, is born.

1944–The TV series, The Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet, debuts on CBS radio.

1944–Politician, Wendell Willkie, dies after a series of heart attacks in New York, New York, at age 52. He was the 1940 Republican candidate for president. His Democratic opponent, incumbent President Franklin D. Roosevelt, won the election with 55% of the popular vote.

1949–Hamish Stuart, of Average White Band, is born in Scotland.

1952–The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash kills 112 people on London, England.

1953–Actor, Nigel Bruce, dies of a heart attack in Santa Monica, California, at age 58. He is best known for the role of Dr. Watson in a series of films and in the radio series The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes). He appeared in the films The Charge of the Light Brigade, Kidnapped, Rebecca, Susan and God, Suspicion, and Lassie Come Home.

1955–Cajun accordionist, Iry LeJeune, dies as a result of injuries sustained in an automobile accident in Eunice, Louisiana, at age 26. At the time of his death, LeJeune was at the pinnacle of his career. He and fiddler, J. B. Fuselier, were traveling home on old Highway 80 from a dance, when their car got a flat tire. While changing the tire, a car came speeding down the highway, knocking LeJeune into a nearby field, killing him.

1956–Don Larsen, of the New York Yankees, pitches the only perfect baseball game in a World Series.

1956–Actress, Stephanie Zimbalist, is born. Her father is actor, Efrem Zimbalist, Jr.

1964–A chart topper: Do Wah Diddy Diddy by Manfred Mann.

1965–London’s Post Office Tower opens, becoming the tallest building in England.

1967–Guerrilla leader, Che Guevara, and his men are captured in Bolivia.

1969–The opening rally of the “Days of Rage” takes place, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago, Illinois.

1970–Author, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, wins the Nobel Prize for literature. The Soviet government forces him to refuse the prize.

1970–Actor, Matt Damon, is born Matthew Paige Damon in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He appeared in the films School Ties, Good Will Hunting, The Rainmaker, Chasing Amy, Saving Private Ryan, The Talented Mr. Ripley, All the Pretty Horses, The Majestic, Gerry, Ocean’s Eleven, The Bourne Identity, Stuck on You, The Departed, True Grit, Elyisum, Behind the Candelabra, and The Monuments Men.

1971–John Lennon’s LP, Imagine, is released in the U.K.

1973–Gabi Amir's armored brigade unsuccessfully attacks Egyptian-occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. More than 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.

1973–Junta strongman, George Papadopoulos, appoints Spyros Markezinis as Prime Minister of Greece, with the task to lead Greece to parliamentary rule.

1974–Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement. At the time, it is the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.

1980–Bob Marley collapses in New York, while preparing for a tour of the U.S. with Stevie Wonder. He is diagnosed as having cancer and will die just seven months later.

1982–Poland bans Solidarity and all trade unions.

1982–The stage musical, Cats, opens on Broadway and runs for nearly 18 years before closing on September 10, 2000.

1983–Actress, Joan Hackett, dies of ovarian cancer in Encino, California, at age 49. She appeared in the films The Group, Will Penny, Support Your Local Sheriff, How Awful About Allan, The Last of Sheila, The Terminal Man, One Trick Pony, and Only When I Laugh.

1985–Little Richard is seriously injured in a car accident.

1987–Chuck Berry receives a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

1987–Politician and scholar, Konstantinos Tsatsos, dies in Athens, Greece, at age 88. He was President of Greece from 1975 to 1980.

1988–Pink Floyd's Dark Side of the Moon album finally falls off the Billboard “Top 200 Album Chart” after a record 741 weeks.

1990–In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 others near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount.

1991–Croatia and Slovenia vote to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia.

1992–The U.S. Postal Service announces plans to issue stamps in honor of Bill Haley, Buddy Holly, Elvis Presley, Ritchie Valens, Clyde McPhatter, Otis Redding, and Dinah Washington.

1999–The BBC announces the results of its poll for the “Nation’s Favourite Song Lyric,” which was sponsored in celebration of the Britain’s 6th Annual National Poetry Day. John Lennon’s song Imagine was voted #1.

2001–President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.

2001–A twin engine Cessna and a Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan, Italy, killing 118 people.

2005–Thousands of people are killed by a 7.6 earthquake in parts of Pakistan, India, and Afghanistan.

2011–Pianist, Roger Williams, dies of pancreatic cancer in Encino, California, at age 87. In 1955, Williams recorded Autumn Leaves, the only piano instrumental to reach #1 on the Billboard popular music chart. It sold over two million copies.

2013–Philip Chevron, of The Pogues, dies of cancer in Dublin, Ireland, at age 56. He is regarded as one of the most influential figures in Irish punk music.

2014–Liberian courier, Thomas Eric Duncan, dies from ebola at age 42. He was the first person diagnosed with the deadly ebola virus in the U.S.

2015–Chef, Paul Prudhomme, dies after a brief illness in New Orleans, Louisiana, at age 75. His specialty was Creole cuisine, which he helped to popularize around the world. He was the chef proprietor of K-Paul's Louisiana Kitchen in the French Quarter of New Orleans, and had a successful line of hot sauces and seasoning mixes. In 1980, he was made a Chevalier (Knight) of the French Ordre National du Mérite Agricole, in honor of his work with Cajun and Creole cuisines.

2016–Russia deploys nuclear-capable Iskander missiles to its Kaliningrad exclave between Poland and Lithuania.

2016–Hungary's leading left-wing newspaper, Népszabadság, shuts down after 60 years, amid significant financial losses despite cost cuts.

2016–A gunman shoots three police officers in Palm Springs, California, leaving two dead and one injured.


PHOTOS TOP TO BOTTOM: Isabella of Angoulême; Juan Perón; Kirk Alyn as the first Superman; The Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet radio show; Che Guevara, after he was captured in Bolivia; John Lennon's Imagine LP; Joan Hackett; the Buddy Holly stamp issued in 1992 by the U.S. Postal Service; and Roger Williams.

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